Abulhassan Banisadr (born 22 March 1933) is an Iranian politician, economist and human rights activist who served as the first President of Iran from 1980 to 1981 after the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the abolition of the monarchy until his impeachment on 21 June 1981 by the Parliament of Iran. Banisadr who had participated in the anti-Shah student movement during the early 1960s, was imprisoned twice, and was wounded during an uprising in 1963. He then fled to France and joined the Iranian resistance group which was eventually led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Banisadr returned to Iran together with Khomeini as the revolution was beginning in February 1979. He was the deputy economy and finance minister and acting foreign minister briefly during 1979, and the finance minister from 1979 to 1980. He studied Finance and Economics at Sorbonne. He wrote a book on Islamic finance, Eghtesad-e Tohidi, an Arabic phrase/loanword that roughly translates "The Economics of Monotheism."