Apollinaire, Guillaume (1880-1918)
Wilhelm Albert Wlodzimierz Apolinary Kostrowicki, known as Guillaume Apollinaire (French pronunciation: Rome, 26 August 1880 - 9 November 1918, Paris) was a French poet, playwright, and art critic born in Italy to a Polish mother. Among the foremost poets of the early 20th century, he is credited with coining the word Surrealism and writing one of the earliest works described as surrealist, the play The Breasts of Tiresias (1917, used as the basis for a 1947 opera). Two years after being wounded in World War I, he died in the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 at age 38.
Pseud. van Kostrowicki, Wilhelm Albert Wlodzimierz Apolinary von
dichter, toneelschrijver en cultuurcriticus